Menene Aurora?

Near Protocol Nigeria (NPK Guild)
5 min readOct 25, 2022

Mataki-mataki dangane da abinda yake dacewa da tsarin yanar gizon Ethereum

Sama da rabin ayyukan da ake gudanarwa akan (Defi) yana tafiya ne akan Ethereum. Wannan ya kunshi app din karban bashi, na sauyesaye da na wasanni akan manhajar blockchain da kuma kasuwar NFT. So tawace hanyace sauran manhajoji zasuyi gogayya da wannan manhaja data zama tai amfanin da dama ta farko.

Hanya ta farko zata zama a kirkiri tsarin layer 2 akan manhajar layer 1.

Aurora cibiyar sadarwa ce da ta daidaita tsarinta da Ethereum akan manhajar Near. Ga masu amfani da ita, suna da Ethereum dapps akan manhajar Near.

Asalin Aurora da manufofinsu

An samar da Aurora akan manhajar Near awatan Mayu na shekara ta 2021, wanda su Alexander Skidanov da Illiapolosukhin suke jagoranta. Shi Skidanov tshohun mai kirkirar fasaha ne na Microsoft shi kuma Polosukhin mai amfani da inji ne wajen bincike wanda yake da shekara uku na aiki da kuma ilimi mai zurfi akan Google.

Aurora da Near sunada alaka mai karfi, shi Near manhaja ce da take amfani da tsarin sa hannun jari wanda suke amfani da fasashar Nightingale. Wannan yasa manhajar Near suka kerewa manhajar Ethereum.

Near suna zartar wa akan sakan daya da digo uku anma Ethereum saidai akan sakan sha biyar har zuwa tsawon awa hudu wanda yana danganta da yawan ayyukan ranar.

Kudin zartarwa na manhajar Near $0.01 anma Ethereum ya haura $1 a lokacin da yapi kowanne sauki. Har yanxu ahaka Near tafi Ethereum sauri kusa sau 50. Hakan kafin ta cika duka tsarinta na zartar da ayyuka 100000 duk sakan daya. Aurora wata hanyar sadarwa ce da ka tsara wanda zai tatsa daga dubban dapps din da suke kan manhajar Ethereum. Akan yaron fasaha, yana aiki da injin Ethereum na boye akan Near ta yanda masu kirkira zasu iya kaddamar da ayyukansu akan Solidity, wannan shine yaren asali na Ethereum. Duk da kasancewar Gavin wood ne ya kawo Solidity a 2014, sukuma kungiyar Ethereum suka karbi abun tun lokacin.

Ankirkiri Aurora acikin dakin gwaji da aurora wanda CEO Alex Shevchenko yake shugabanta. Iliminsa na fashar physica da lissafi yay daidai da ilimun fasahar blockchain bayan ya kirkiri Exonum a shekara ta 2015. Wannan yay amfani da fasahar blockchain su samr da tsarin doka na gaskiya dangane da kayan gwamnati har zuwa harkokin kasuwanci.

Ka fahimci EVM don gane Aurora

Idan kana son fuskantar Aurora, mutum yakamata afarko yagane Ethereum virtual machine. Kamar yandq wasannin video suke da inji dayake yiwa wasannin fasaha,wasa kwakwalwa da kuma zanezane. Banbanci shi wannan yana aiki da smart contract ne.

EVM musamman wani bigire ne na zartar da smart contract, wanda aka tsarashi akan yaren solidity. Bayan kowanne block da ake zartarwa ake dorawa akan Ethereum saboda ita software ne da aka dorashi akan nodes din Ethereum.Aurora yana gudanar da EVM akan hanyar sadarwa ta Kusa, yana sanya shi ba kawai dacewa don gudanar da kwangilar wayo daga Ethereum ba, amma daga sauran hanyoyin sadarwa masu jituwa na EVM: Polygon, Avalanche , da Binance Smart Chain.Godiya ga wannan dacewa ta EVM, masu haɓakawa za su iya haɗawa da Ethereum dApp cikin sauƙi da jigilar shi zuwa yanayin yanayin Aurora.

Aya Aurora yake aiki?

Aurora yana dacewa da Ethereum wanda zai iya aika ma’amalar Ethereum zuwa Aurora ba tare da ƙarin matakan daidaitawa ba. Wannan saboda Aurora ya riga ya haɗu da haɗin gwiwa.

Daidai daidai, ana aiwatar da ma’amaloli na Ethereum tare da Aurora’s Sputnik VM runtime, EVM da aka rubuta cikin yaren shirye-shiryen Rust. Bayan an aika kuɗin Ethereum zuwa Aurora, za a iya motsa su zuwa Near da kanta, ta hanyar Rainbow Bridge, wanda injiniyan software na Aurora Kirill Abramov ya kirkira.

Ana iya yin wannan tare da mafi mashahuri asusun MetaMask na crypto, kamar yadda yake da kowane dApp. Gadar Rainbow tana aiki azaman ma’ajiyar sarkar giciye marar aminci don canja wurin duk wani alamar ERC-20 tsakanin Ethereum da Aurora, da kuma tsakanin Aurora da Ethereum hakadai.

Kudin da ake aiki dashi a zartarwa gwamnatin Aurora

AuroraDAO ne ke kula da rarraba alamar gudanarwa ta AURORA. Wannan ƙungiya mai cin gashin kanta (DAO) tana aiki ta hanyar zaɓen nauyin masu riƙe alamar AURORA.Suna jefa kuri’a a kan shawarwari don aikin, ciki har da sanya mambobin majalisar,DAO daidai da kwamitin gudanarwa.

An ƙaddamar da alamun AURORA a ranar 18 ga Nuwamba, 2021, wanda ya kai 1B. Daga cikin wannan, an ware 48% don ayyukan Aurora DAO na gaba, 20% na al’umma ne, kuma sauran an ware su don haɗawa da Aurora cikin dApps, haɗin gwiwa, sadaukarwar DEX na farko (IDOs), da ƙarfafawa.

Tun daga Oktoba 2022, kashi 7% na alamun AURORA ne kawai ke yawo. Don rage buƙatu, AuroraDAO ya saita jadawalin buɗewa wanda ke ɗaukar tsawon shekaru biyu, tare da buɗe layin layi bayan kowane watanni uku a ƙimar 12.5%, watanni tara bayan ƙaddamarwa (akan watanni shidan farko).

Bigiren dapps din Aurora

Godiya ga dacewa ta EVM, amfani da dApps akan Aurora yana nufin biyan kuɗin gas a cikin ETH. Don haɓaka tallafi, AuroraDAO ta kafa shirin Aurora Plus. Wadanda suka yi rajista suna samun ciniki 50 kyauta kowane wata. Wannan shirin membobin kuma shine hanyar zuwa Aurora staking, inda masu amfani ke karɓar alamun AURORA da sauran alamu daga ayyukan haɗin gwiwa.

Saboda sauƙin da Ethereum dApps za a iya aikawa, Aurora yana da ɗaruruwan dApps akan tayin. Yawancin su ya kamata su saba:

1 inch don samun mafi kyawun ƙimar musanya alama a cikin musanya mara ƙarfi.

Lanƙwasa don musanya mafi girma stablecoins ta kasuwa — DAI, USDT, da USDC.

Ta’aziyya don tabbatar da ayyukan DeFi akan asara. Dapps na asali na Aurora suma shahararru ne. Mai kama da Aave, Bastion yana ba da lamuni da musanya alama. Lokacin da masu amfani suka kulle alamun su cikin wuraren ruwa na ruwa don kowane yanayi, suna samun ƙimar riba.

Wani abinda ake samun dashi shine Trisolaris amatsayin wanda yapi kowanne suna acikin manhajar ta Aurora. Ya danganta da token din da ake bukata. Abinda wani zai iya samu zai iya kaiwa kudi masu digit guda biyu a hsekara daya.

Kamar yanda sunan yake Trisolaria yana daidai da 3pool wanda ya kunshi token uku sune TRI,AURORA da NEAR.

In mutum yasa liquidity a daya daga cikin wadannna token din mutum zai iya samun lada ta token guda biyu.

In kanason yin IDO, Aurora sun samar da Near pad launchpad wanda yake kama da kickstarter.

Ci gaban Aurora yana tare da cigaban Near

Kamar yanda yake a watan October na wannan shekara, Ethereum sun zama suna da kaso 57.73% na jimlar kasuwar Defi, Near kuma kaso 0.5%kamar yanda muka gani da Terra wannan percentage din zai matsa ga blockchain din da ba asani bama.

Manhajar ta Terra ta rushe anma Near tananan akan kafarta na gasa da Ethereum. Yanzu kuma da Aurora suka saukaka wannan hanya da sauri, ya kamata ta anfani daga kowanne sashi na Ethereum.

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Near Protocol Nigeria (NPK Guild)

NPK Guild is a Near Protocol Community based in Nigeria, aimed at educating and incentivising young Nigerians onBlockchain technology and the NEAR ECOSYSTEM